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2013年职称英语考试综合类阅读理解练习题(1)

来源:职称英语考试新闻    发布时间:2012-11-06   浏览:

  导读:2013年职称英语考试综合类阅读理解练习题(1)

  The Cherokee Nation

  Long before the white man came to the America, the land belonged to the American Indian nations. The nation of the Cherokees lived in What is now the southeastern part of the United States.

  After the white man came, the Cherokees copied many of their ways. One Cherokee named Sequoyah saw how important reading and writing was to the white man. He decided to invent a way to write down the spoken Cherokee language. He began by making word pictures. For each word he drew a picture. But that proved impossible-there were just too many words. Then he took the 85 sounds that made up the language. Using this own imagination and an English spelling book, Sequoyah invented a sign for each sound. His alphabet proved amazingly easy to learn. Before long, many Cherokees knew how to read and write in their own language. By 1828, they were even printing their own newspaper.

  In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed a law. It allowed the government to remove Indians from their lands. The Cherokees refused to go. They had lived on their lands for centuries. It belonged to them. Why should they go to a strange land far beyond the Mississippi River?

  The army was sent to drive the Cherokees out. Soldiers surrounded their villages and marched them at gunpoint into the western territory. The sick, the old and the small children went in carts, along with their belongings. The rest of the people marched on foot or rode on horseback. It was November, yet many of them still wore their summer clothes. Cold and hungry, the Cherokees were quickly exhausted by the hardships of the journey. Many dropped dead and were buried by the roadside. When the last group arrived in their new home in March 1839, more than 4,000 had died. It was indeed a march of death.

  很久以前的白种人来到美国,土地属于美国印第安人国家。柴罗基部落就生活在美国的东南部。

  在忠实可靠的人来了,彻罗基人学习了他们的很多方法。一个名叫希考亚切诺基看到了如何重要的阅读和写作是最忠实可靠的人。他决定发明一种方法写下来切罗基口语。他开始制作单词图片。每个字,他画了一幅画。但事实证明impossible-there只是太多的话。然后他把85的声音组成的语言。用自己的想象力和一个英国人的拼写书,创造了一个符号的每个声音。他的字母表是非常容易学。不久,彻罗基人知道了怎样用自己的语言读和写。1828年底,他们甚至印刷他们自己的报纸。

  1830,美国国会通过了一条法律。它允许政府把印第安人从他们的土地。切罗基人拒绝去。他们生活在自己的土地上几个世纪。它属于他们。他们为什么要去一个陌生的土地,远远超出了密西西比河?

  军队被派来驱赶彻罗基人了。士兵包围了他们的村庄,让他们在枪口下到西部领土。病人,老人和孩子在车,连同他们的财产。其余的人走在步行或骑在马背上。这是十一月,但许多人仍然穿着夏天的衣服。又冷又饿,彻罗基人很快耗尽的艰辛的旅程。许多突然死了,被埋在路边。当最后一组抵达他们的新家在三月1839,超过4000个已经死了。死亡,这的确是一个月。

  1. The Cherokee Nation used to live______

  A) on the American continent.

  B) In the southeastern part of the US.

  C) Beyond the Mississippi River.

  D) In the western territory.

 
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